Due to its geographical location and regional characteristics, Benin is particularly vulnerable to climate change. The country is dealing with three main major climate risks: drought, late and violent rains and floods, which are degrading agricultural yields and threatening to exacerbate poverty for a large segment of the population.
Yet agriculture represents one-third of Benin’s GDP and two-thirds of its jobs. Agricultural activities and the country’s development have been highly affected by climate change, which primarily poses a human threat in terms of the food safety of its population.
The primary sector is also exerting strong pressure on the country’s natural resources, mostly as a result of deforestation for the purposes of both wood coal production and the farming of new plots of land. According to the FAO, Benin has lost around 20% of its forest cover in the space of 20 years, i.e. some 1,200,000 hectares.
Nationally, the project supported the General Directorate of Climate Change in developing a national low-carbon, climate change-resilient strategy through a participatory process. This strategy was adopted during a ministerial council meeting on September 28, 2016.