In Africa, an estimated 70% of citizens still do not have access to electricity. This low rate results in the widespread use of traditional fossil fuel energy sources, primary biomass sources (like wood coal), which represent ¾ of the continent’s energy consumption and are energy-intensive and-inefficient (it takes a lot to produce energy).
The demand for energy has been rapidly increasing, mostly fueled by the continent’s strong population increase and urbanization process. By investing in renewable energy, Africa could thus improve its economic and environmental development, sustainably meet its energy needs, and develop activities that generate local income and jobs. There are many energy sources in Africa, but only a small portion is used. The continent’s main renewable energy sources are wind, solar and hydro power. Other renewable energy sources also hold considerable potential such as geothermal power.
Uganda is also focusing on its hydro power to meet its energy needs but highly variable rainfall in this country could have a negative impact on energy production from dams.
Moreover, a significant portion of existing energy resources is wasted, as it not optimally used. Meeting the challenge of access to energy would also require improving energy efficiency in order to reduce the energy needs required to make modern energy services accessible to the poorest people.
 Figure taken from Réseau Climat et Développement
The City of Kampala encourages public schools to use new and improved cookstoves that provide for a 50-75% reduction in the amount of wood needed to cook school cafeteria meals, while also reducing school power bills and greenhouse gas emissions.
In the village of Oke Owo in Benin, solar panels were installed to give the population access to electricity. This green energy is also very beneficial to the population in economic terms as it promotes the development of industrial activities and ensures stable power bills.