People are a major factor in the struggle against climate change, as they are both the cause and the solution. The collective awareness levels of societies determine their development choices. To facilitate such awareness, it is essential to sensitize and educate all segments of the population, especially younger people, who will make up tomorrow’s active generations and leaders.
While changing mindsets usually takes decades, the urgency of adapting to climate change is already apparent. Many African countries are already dealing with the threat represented by the strong acceleration and degradation of ecosystems, strong urban growth, and the increase, frequency and intensity of floods and other disasters, but lack the means to adapt to climate change or create low-carbon development strategies.
In order to move towards the path of sustainable development and reach national objectives in the struggle against climate change, it is indispensable that capacities be educated and built, as this will enable acquiring the knowledge needed to individually and collectively prevent or adapt to climate change.
It is all the more urgent for the citizens of less advanced nations to be made aware of the impacts of climate change since they are the ones most affected. Indeed, the impacts of climate change tend to amplify inequalities given that populations that are socially, economically, culturally and politically marginalized are only further marginalized when they suffer the effects of climate change.
The impacts of climate change only exacerbate already unequal conditions and poverty factors, including access to water, food, safe housing and income security, especially agricultural income. The effects of climate change further intensify food insecurity, impede poverty reduction measures, and extend poverty traps.
Various strategies should be created for women in this regard, as they make up a very vulnerable group. Indeed, women, through their occupational role in the household as either professionals or workers, are major catalysts for best practices: they often manage household matters related to energy, food safety and education, and hold farming jobs. As such, the project wishes to keep encouraging the inclusion of women in the development and implementation of public policies and as direct recipient of these policies.